History of Macramé

From many sources, Macramé is believed to have originated with 13th-century Arab weavers. These artisans knotted the excess thread and yarn along the edges of hand-loomed fabrics into decorative fringes on bath towels, shawls, and veils. The word macramé is derived from the Arabic migramah (مقرمة), believed to mean "striped towel", "ornamental fringe" or "embroidered veil" (and I found the meaning of macramé from the translator in internet is “in love”. After the Moorish conquest, the art was taken to Spain, and then spread through Europe. It was introduced into England at the court of Mary II in the late 17th century.macrame
Legend goes that North American sailors spent long hours aboard ships practicing macramé square knots and hitch knots. These sailors made fringes for wheels and bell covers, netting and screens. Over the years this art and craft fell to disuse. It was again revived in the sixties with the ‘hippie movement’, which brought with it a revival of interest in this ancient craft. The Sailors made macramé objects at sea and sold or bartered them when they landed, thus spreading the art to places like China and the New World. Nineteenth-century British and American sailors made hammocks, bell fringes, and belts and called this pastime square knotting after the knot they used most.
Macramé was most popular in the Victorian era. Sylvia's Book of Macramé Lace (1882), one of a favorite, showed readers how "to work rich trimmings for black and colored costumes, both for home wear, garden parties, seaside ramblings, and balls—fairylike adornments for household and underlines  ..." Few Victorian homes escaped adornment.
Though the craze for macramé faded, it regained popularity for making wall hangings, articles of clothing, bedspreads, small jean shorts, tablecloths, draperies, plant hangers and other furnishings.
Macramé jewelry has become popular among the American neo-hippie and grunge crowd starting in the early 70's which brought revitalization to the ancient skill. Its popularity waned some in the '80s and '90s, but the beginning of the 21st century has seen the return of its popularity into full swing, with an unlimited number of creative possibilities for the hobbyist, artist, and appreciator of the many diverse macramé products. Using mainly square knots and granny knots, this jewelry often features handmade glass beads and natural elements such bone and shell. Necklaces, anklets and bracelets have become popular forms of macramé accessories.
Square Knot
                                   (Square knot /atas dan granny knot /bawah)
Granny Knot
Today, macramé is popular because of its unusual geometric patterns and ease of use. Everyone from children to mature craft enthusiasts enjoy the simple and straightforward technique involved in macramé. Since it doesn't involve any other tools (such as knitting needles, crochet hooks, pattern frames etc.), macramé is often picked up by men as quickly as it is by women. The simple technique is also helpful in strengthening hand muscles for the elderly and the more complicated stitches can be a golden lesson in patience and persistence for the young. If you can tie a knot , you can create seemingly complex designs and patterns using macramé and cord.
As the development period, the application of applied macramé art in various types of goods according to our needs. Like macramé bag (sometimes called knitting bag because of the motives like knitted bag), wallets, belts and even shoes, sandals, etc., also have adopted macramé. Although not referred to as the art of macramé (because as macramé not so popular in Indonesia, is more synonymous with macramé weaving), but the views of the workmanship, can be categorized as macramé. The difference is materials, forms, motives and the results.    Motif TM_05
Category: Macramé

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